EXAMPLES OF CROP FARMING By Using PRECISION FARMING NEW TECHNOLOGY
Using PRECISION FARMING for Whaeat in Egypt
Site-specific information technologies help wheat farmers make decisions to improve nitrogen (NPK) fertilizer efficiency. Various information technologies, as well as farm and farmer characteristics, could affect fertilizer decisions differently. Knowing these differences could assist the targeting of specific groups of farmers for the adoption of various site-specific information technologies to improve NPK fertilizer efficiency and reduce negative environmental impacts. Ordered logit analysis was used to identify the information technologies and farm and farmer characteristics that influence the importance farmers place on precision farming (PF) technologies in improving the efficiency of NPK fertilization of wheat
Rice in kafr El-Sheikh, Egypt by Using PRECISION FARMING
Paddy rice is a very intensive crop, in terms of both inputs and labors. The fields are relatively small (less than 1ha.), flood irrigated and highly productive (6-7 t/ha). Most managers are also owners and know their fields intimately. African culture has a high regard for technology and most farms are already highly mechanized. Yield maps can be produced by fitting DGPS and yield monitors to the small efficient, head feeding combines. The optimum size for the treatment unit may be the current field or it may prove to be something smaller. Treatment maps can be implemented by applying spatially variable controllers to existing equipment. As the Egyptian farmer operates within a protected market (getting five times the world price for the rice), the main driver for PF is environmental protection.
Increasing Dates production in siwa oasis, Egypt as a result of Using PRECISION FARMING
Dates are a high value, culturally important crop in many Arab countries. Many date groves are well established and, like wheat, are highly structured. Once the trees have been surveyed and uniquely labeled, yield maps could be produced by recording the amount and quality of dates from each tree. Again, no extra cost is incurred apart from recording this information at the time of harvest. Treatment areas could well be blocks and performance of individual trees could be monitored. Traditionally, fertilizer is applied by hand and can therefore be easily adapted to being varied spatially. A special consideration is that there are consistent labor shortages due to the dangers involved in climbing the trees and the cultural importance of the dates may outweigh the economics.
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